Annual return is a statement of return which is required to be filed annually by each registered person (except few specified categories of persons) under GST giving summarized details of outward supply and taxes paid thereon , input tax credits claimed, taxes paid and refund claimed in the financial year in respect of which such annual return is filed.
Notification dated Sept 4th, 2018 specifies the new format for filing annual returns. The Annual Return consists of various forms applicable to different type of taxpayers
GSTR 9 is an annual return to be filed once in a year by the registered taxpayers under GST including those registered under composition levy scheme. It consists of details regarding the supplies made and received during the year under different tax heads i.e. CGST, SGST and IGST. It consolidates the information furnished in the monthly/quarterly returns during the year.
All the registered taxable persons under GST must file GSTR 9. However, following persons are not required to file GSTR 9
• Casual Taxable Person
• Input service distributors
• Non-resident taxable persons.
There are 4 sub-categories under GSTR-9 viz. GSTR-9, GSTR-9A, GSTR-9B, GSTR-9C. As we have already covered about GSTR-9 in the introduction, let’s jump straight to its sub-categories.
GSTR-9A is a simplified annual return filed by business owners who have opted for the composition scheme under the GST regime. This return includes all the quarterly returns filed by the compounding dealers in that financial year.
GSTR-9B is the summary of details filed in GSTR-8 by taxpayers registered as E-commerce operators under GST.
GSTR-9C is a return form required to be filed by registered taxpayers in case the aggregate turnover is more than Rs.2 crores. In this case, the taxpayer has to also submit a copy of audited annual accounts and reconciliation statement, reconciling the value of supplies declared in the return furnished for the financial year.
As per Section 47(2) of Central Goods and Service Tax Act (2017), a person will be fined a penalty of INR 100 per day (CGST) + INR 100 per day (SGST), amounting to a total of INR 200 per day if he/she fails to file GSTR-9 before the due date. However, the maximum amount of penalty a person can be fined is 0.25% of the total turnover.
The due date for filing the above mentioned returns is 31st December of the subsequent financial year. For example, the due date for filing GSTR-9 for the financial year 2017-2018 is 31st December 2018.
The due date for filing GSTR 9, GSTR 9A and GSTR 9C has been extended upto June 30, 2019 in the 31st GST Council Meeting held on December 22, 2018. There were certain other changes also announced in the meeting regarding GSTR 9, please read here for details.
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